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S

saluretic
substance increasing elimination of salts into the urine

sapro-
in botany, rotten

sativus
in botany, cultivated

scabies
skin eruption due to a mite

scar tissue
fibrous tissue replacing normal tissues destroyed by injury or disease

schisto-
in botany, split, cleft

sciatica
pain in the lower back and hip radiating down the back of the thigh into the leg, often due to herniated lumbar disk

seborrhea, seborrheic skin disease
skin inflammation characterized by dry or moist, greasy, yellow crusts or scales

secretagogue
agent promoting secretion

secretolytic
agent breaking down secretions

secretomotory
stimulating secretion

sedative
calming, quieting; drug that quiets nervous excitement

seed
mature ovule of seed plants

semper-
in botany, always

sequalae
consequences, subsequent events

sexual neurasthenia
psychogenic inhibition of sexual performance

sitz bath
immersion bath

soporific
sleep-inducing agent

spasm
involuntary contraction of one or more muscle groups

spondylarthritis
intervertebral arthritis

spondylitis
inflammation of one or more vertebrae

static edema
fluid accumulation in condition of confinement

status lymphaticus
thymicolymphaticus, old term for a syndrome of supposed enlargement of the thymus and lymph nodes in infants and young children, formerly believed to be associated with unexplained sudden death

stem
a supporting and conducting organ usually developed initially from the epicotyl and growing upward

steno-
in botany, narrow

stenocardia
angina pectoris

stenosis (esophageal, GI tract)
narrowing

stipule
in botany, stalk

stolon
stem

stomachic
agent that improves appetite and digeston

stomach-strengthening remedy
stomachic

stomatitis
inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth

strobile
in botany, a conelike inflorescence, as in hops

strongyloid
nematode parasite

struma
goiter, any enlargement of a tissue

subsidence
sinking or settling in bone, as in the case of prosthetic component of an artificial joint

sunburn
reddening of the skin, with or without blistering, caused by exposure to ultraviolet light

sympathetic nervous system
portion of the autonomic nervous system that is generally associated with “flight or fight” reactions by increasing blood circulation and respiration and decreasing digestion

sympathomimetic effect
mimicking the action of the sympathetic nervous system

synergistic
having the property that the total combined effect of two or more factors exceeds the sum of their individual effects

syrup
a liquid preparation of medicinal substances in a concentrated aqueous solution of sucrose

systole
contraction of the heart