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M

maceration
herb preparation softened by soaking

macro-
in botany, giant

manager disease
obesity and/or congestive heart failure associated with sedentary lifestyle and high emotional stress

MAO inhibitor
monoamine oxidase inhibitor

mastodynia
breast pain

medulla
in botany, pith

megacolon
massive dilation of the colon

melano-
in botany, black, very dark

Ménière's disease
affliction of the middle ear characterized by vertigo, nausea, vomiting, tinnitus, and progressive deafness

menopause
permanent cessation of menstruation

menorrhagia
abnormally heavy menstrual period

mesenchyma
cells developing into the synovial membrane of a joint

mesenchymal
refers to connective tissue, blood, and lymphatics that originate from embryonic mesoderm

metabolite
any product (foodstuff, intermediate, waste product) of metabolism

meteorism
tympania; swelling of the abdomen from gas in the intestinal or peritoneal cavity

methemoglobinuria
excretion of methemoglobin, a transformation product of hemoglobin, into urine

metrorrhagia
any irregular, acyclic bleeding from the uterus between periods

micro-
in botany, small, little

micturition
urination

migraine
a symptom complex occurring periodically and characterized by pain in the head, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, photophobia, and visual disturbance

milk scall
seborrhea of the scalp in infants; cradle cap

mineralocorticoid
one of the steroids of the adrenal cortex that influences salt (sodium, potassium) metabolism

mitosis
cell division

monoamine oxidase (MAO)
enzyme catalyzing the removal of an amine group from a variety of substrates, including norepinephrine and dopamine

montanus
in botany, of the mountains

motility
capacity for spontaneous movement, frequently in reference to the intestine

mucilage
preparation consisting of a solution in water of the viscous principles of plants; used as a soothing application to mucous membranes

mucolytic
agent breaking down or dissolving mucus

mucosa
mucous tissue layer lining tubular structures (nasal passages, ear canal, etc.)

mucous
containing or producing mucus

mucus
the clear secretion of the muous membrane

multiple sclerosis
demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system, causing patches of sclerosis (plaques) in the brain and spinal cord, manifested by loss of normal neurological functions, e.g., muscle weakness, loss of vision, and mood alterations

muscarine-like effect
having an effect similar to a muscarinic, cholinergic compound; e.g., causing vasodilation, salivation, bronchoconstriction, and gastrointestinal stimulation

muscarinergic cholinoceptors
parasympathetic receptors

musculotropic
affecting, attracted to, or acting upon muscle tissue

mutagenicity
production of genetic alterations

myalgia
diffuse muscle pain

mydriasis
dilation of the pupil

myocardium
heart muscle

myodegenenation
muscular degeneration

myogelosis
a localized hardened mass found in muscle tissue

myoglobinuria
excretion of the muscle's oxygen-transport protein, myoglobin, in the urine

myopathy
any disease or abnormal condition of the muscular tissues

myxedema
a condition arising from diminished thyroid function, characterized by hard swelling of subcutaneous tissue, hair loss, lower temperture, muscle debility, hoarseness and the slow return of a muscle to neutral position after a tendon jerk