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cachexia
weight loss due to chronic disease or prolonged emotional stress

calyx
external leafy portion of flower consisting of sepals

cancer
refers to the various types of malignant neoplasms which contain cells growing out of control and invading adjacent tissues, which can metastasize to distant tissues

candidiasis
infection with Candida, especially Candida albicans, usually resulting from debilitation (AIDS, prolonged administration of antibiotics)

canker sore
a small, painful ulcer that occurs on the inside of the cheek, lip or underside of the tongue

carbon clearance test
method of measuring the activity of the immune system

carcinogenicity
tendency to cause cancer

carcinoma
malignant growth of epithelial cells tending to infiltrate the surrounding tissue and giving rise to metastasis

cardiac
pertaining to the heart, also, pertaining to the stomach area adjacent to the esophagus

cardiac asthma
sudden intensification of impaired breathing associated with heart disease such as left ventricular failure; cardiasthma

cardiac dysrhythmia
any irregularity of heart beat

cardiac glycoside
compound consisting of a plant steroid with one or more sugars that exerts an effect on the contraction and conduction of the heart muscle

cardiac neurasthenia
general fatigue originating from dysfunction of the heart

cardiac neurosis
heart irregularity of psychogenic origin

cardiomegaly
enlargement of the heart

carminative
agent relieving flatulence or gas

carpo-
in botany, pertaining to fruit

caryo-
in botany, nutlike

cataplasm
poultice

catarrh
mucous membrane inflammation

celery-carrot-mugwort syndrome
skin photosensitivity caused by massive consumption of vegetables containing psoralens, chemicals which can cause toxic effets when exposed to sunlight

cepa
in botany, Latin name for onion

cephalalgia
headache

cephalic
pertaining to the head

cervical syndrome
syndrome involving neck pain

cheilitis
inflammation affecting the lips

chloralized
anesthetized using chloral hydrate

cholagogue
agent that stimulates bile flow from the gallbladder into the duodenum

cholangitis
bile duct inflammation

cholecystitis
gallbladder inflammation

cholecystokinetic
increasing secretion of the gastrointestinal hormone cholecystokinin, which promotes emptying of the gallbladder

cholelithiasis
presence of gallstones in the gallbladder or bile duct

choleretic
agent stimulating the liver to increase bile production

cholestasis
cessation or suppression of bile flow

cholestatic liver disorder
an arrest in the flow of bile from the liver

choline absorption
intake of choline in free form or as lecithin (phosphatidylcholine), acetate (acetylcholine) from the vitamin B complex, or cytidine diphosphate

chologenic
producing bile

chondrosis
formation of cartilaginous tissue; term used in the past for a cartilaginous tumor

chronic illness
illness extending over a long period of time

chronotropic
affecting time or rate, especially heart rate

chryso-
in botany, golden

cicatricial keloid
nodular, firm, movable, nonencapsulated mass of scar tissue, tender and frequently painful

ciliary activity
activity of the eyelashes or any hairlike processes (cilia)

cinnamomeus
in botany, light reddish-brown

cirrhosis
disease of liver characterized by loss of normal microscopic lobular structure

claudication (intermittent)
condition caused by interruptions of blood supply to the muscles, characterized by limping and pain chiefly in the calf muscles

cleansing the blood
see blood purification

climacteric
period of transition from fertility to menopause

clonic
form of movement marked by contractions and relaxations of a muscle, occurring in rapid succession

coelo-
in botany, pertaining to a hollow

colitis ulcerosa (ulcerative colitis)
ulceration of the colon and rectum, usually chrinic, characterized by rectal bleeding, abdominal pain and diarrhea

collagen
primary protein within white fibers of connective tissue, cartilage, and bone

collagenosis
a disease affecting collagen

collateral circulation
blood flow through a side branch of a blood vessel

comminuted
crushed, pulverized

Composite
in botany, annual or perennial herb of the family Asteraceae (aka Compositae), with watery or milky sap, often with fleshy roots, simple leaves, flower corolla with five petals

condyloma
viral warts of the anal-genital region

congestive
pertaining to accumulation of blood or fluid within a vessel or organ

conjunctiva
mucous membrane covering the posterior surface of the eyelids and the anterior surface of the eyeball

constipation
infrequent or incomplete bowel movements

convulsant poison
a substance causing violent spasms of the face, trunk, and/or extremities

cornea
transparent structure forming the anterior part of the eye

coronary infarction
sudden lack of blood supply to the heart that results an area of dead cardiac tissue

coronary/myocardial perfusion
flow of blood to the heart and/or blood vessels surrounding the heart

cor pulmonale
hypertrophy of the right ventricle of the heart resulting from excessive pressure in the pulmonary artery

corpus luteum
yellow endocrine body formed in the ovary that secretes estrogen

corrigent
modifying or correcting

cortex
in botany, bark

corticosteroid
steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex

Crohn's disease
chronic inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract

cross reaction
reaction between an antibody and antigen, separate from the reaction which initially evoked formation of the antibody

crypto-
in botany, hidden

cteno-
in botany, pertaining to a term

curare-like effect
paralysis of skeletal muscle

cuti-visceral reflex
reaction of the digestive, respiratory, urogenital, or endocrine system to sensation on the skin

cyath-
in botany, cuplike

cystitis
inflammation of the urinary bladder

cytoplasmic
pertaining to the contents of a cell outside the nucleus

cytostatic
characterized by the slowing of movement and accumulation of blood cells