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B     

bacteriostatic
preventing multiplication of bacteria

balneological treatment
treatment by immersing part of the body in a bath

balneotherapy
healing bath

barbadensis
in botany, from Barbados, e.g., Aloe barbadensis

bathmotropic
a response to stimulants which influences nervous and muscular irritability; negatively bathmotropic—lessening nervous or muscular irritability; positively bathmotropic—increasing nervous or muscular irritability

biliary dyskinesia
inability to secrete bile

biliary excretion (of drug)
removal of the drug metabolites fomed in the body through bile, usually important for compounds with higher molecular weights (greater than 500)

bilirubinuria
presence of bilirubin (yellow-red pigment of bile) in urine

-bilis
in botany, ability or capacity, sensibilis, capable of sensitivity

binding to plasma protein
attachment of a compound, usually pharmaceutically active, to proteins in the blood, an important consideration when two or more drugs are simultaneously administered and displace each other

bitter
a bitter-tasting infusion or tonic that affects digestion or appetite by stimulating the increasing output of saliva and gastric juices; gentian and hops are among the plants used for this purpose

bitter principle
alkaloid

bitter principles
constituents possessing a bitter taste

bitterness value
inverse of the dilution at which a compound imparts a perceptible, bitter taste (e.g., a bitterness value of 50,000 means a part of the compound in 50,000 parts of water still tastes bitter)

bladder and kidney congestion
accumulation of fluid in the tissues resulting from congestive heart failure

blennorrhea
excess discharge from mucous surfaces, such as the urethra or vagina; term used in the past for gonorrhea

blood purification
the process by which an agent or organ enhances the body's normal function of removing impurities from the blood stream

blood viscosity
fluid flexibility of the blood

borealis
in botany, northern

brachialgia
arm pain

brachy-
in botany, short

bradycardia
slow heart rate

brevi-
in botany, short

brightening agent
filler

bronchitis
inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bronchial tubes, frequently accompanied by cough, hypersecretion of mucus, and expectoration of sputum

broncholytic
agent that reduces viscosity of bronchial secretions

bronchospasmolytic
reducing spasms of the bronchial tubes

bronchospasm
sudden involuntary contraction of the smooth muscles surrounding the bronchial tubes

bruise
injury producing a hematoma or diffuse extravasation of blood without breaking the skin

buccal
pertaining to, located near, the cheek

bud
immature vegetative or floral shoot, often covered by scales

-bundus
in botany, fullness, abundance, floribundus, full of flowers

bunion
localized swelling at the first metatarsophalangeal joint (between the instep and the toes) due to an inflamed bursa (fluid-filled sac)

bursitis
inflammation of bursa or fluid-filled sacs which normally function to reduce friction